This is either an earth-shaking discovery, a scam, a hoax, or a red herring. The Guardian has a few details. The headline suggests four out of 10 sufferers may benefit from 100-day course of antibiotics.
Up to 40% of patients with chronic back pain could be cured with a course of antibiotics rather than surgery, in a medical breakthrough that one spinal surgeon says is worthy of a Nobel prize.
Surgeons in the UK and elsewhere are reviewing how they treat patients with chronic back pain after scientists discovered that many of the worst cases were due to bacterial infections.
The shock finding means that scores of patients with unrelenting lower back pain will no longer face major operations but can instead be cured with courses of antibiotics costing around £114.
Update May 15, 2013:
Here’s Dr. Harriet Hall’s opinion on the matter.