Thirty-eight percent of the cohort participants were classified as vegetarian. Vegetarians reported more frequent weekly eating occasions of whole grains (median frequency/wk: 10 compared with 9, P = 0.012) and beans and legumes (median frequency/wk: 8.5 compared with 5.1, P < 0.001), and less frequent weekly eating occasions of sweets and desserts (median frequency/wk: 1.9 compared with 2.3, P < 0.001). Consuming a vegetarian diet was associated with lower body mass index (P = 0.023), fasting glucose (P = 0.015), insulin resistance (P = 0.003), total cholesterol (P = 0.027), and LDL cholesterol (P = 0.004), and lower odds of fatty liver (OR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.23, 0.78, P = 0.006). The odds of having any coronary artery calcium were lower for vegetarian men (OR: 0.53; 95% CI: 0.32, 0.87, P = 0.013); however, no significant associations were observed among women.
Among US South Asians, a vegetarian diet was associated with fewer cardiometabolic risk factors overall and with less subclinical atherosclerosis among men.
Source: Vegetarian Diets Are Associated with Selected Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Middle-Older Aged South Asians in the United States | The Journal of Nutrition | Oxford Academic
Raw Brussels sprouts salad
It’s refreshing to see a vegetarian diet study that specifies which type of vegetarian diet was used.
Followers of two different healthy diet patterns showed similar reductions in weight, body mass index and fat mass after 3 months, found researchers from the University of Florence, Italy in conjunction with Careggi University Hospital, Florence.
The lacto-ovo vegetarian diet was however more effective in reducing ‘bad’ low-density lipoprotein cholesterol whereas Mediterranean diet followers saw a greater reduction in triglycerides.
“After 3 months of dietary intervention, both lacto-ovo vegetarian and Mediterranean diets were effective in reducing body weight, body mass index, and fat mass, with no significant differences between them,” commented study first author Professor Francesco Sofi.
Source: Vegetarian or Mediterranean diet for weight loss? Both work equally well, says study
They do if they’re Seventh Day Adventists living in Loma Linda, California, according to a report at MedPageToday.
As far as I know, I don’t know any Seventh Day Adventists. They may not be like the rest of us. For instance, about half of them consider themselves vegetarians. That percentage in the general U.S. population would be much lower. In the study at hand, the largest group of vegetarians (29%) were lacto-ovo vegetarians: they eat dairy and eggs. Only 8% were vegans.
I wonder if Adventists tend to marry and breed with each other (like Mormons), thereby concentrating longevity genes?
The SDA’s of Loma Linda constitute on of the longevity hot spots identified in Dan Beuttner’s Blue Zones book.
The original research report in the Journal of the American Medical Association-Internal Medicine.