Category Archives: Uncategorized

Mediterranean diet may slow psoriasis disease progression

From MedicalNewsToday:

A new study suggests that adhering to a Mediterranean diet may relieve the severity of psoriasis and slow its progression.

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects about 6.7 million adults in the United States, according to recent estimates.

Some studies have shown that people with psoriasis are more prone to obesity and metabolic syndrome, and some have suggested that inflammation may be the reason behind this link.

Diet can play a key role in inflammatory conditions. Research has shown that pro-inflammatory compounds including saturated fats can worsen conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis.

So, researchers led by Dr. Céline Phan — at the Hôpital Mondor in Créteil, France — set out to investigate whether conversely, an anti-inflammatory diet would have appeasing effects on symptoms of psoriasis.

The Mediterranean diet is considered anti-inflammatory because it has been associated with a lower incidence of chronic inflammatory illness.

Source: Psoriasis: Mediterranean diet may slow disease progression

Mediterranean Diet Wins Again

The DASH diet fared well, too.

“With so many popular diets that celebs and influencers are ravishing about on social media with their before/after captures, health watchers often feel confused to narrow down on one diet that can help cinch their waistlines. As per a study conducted by US News and World Report on 40 most popular diets including keto, paleo, whole30 and more, the Mediterranean Diet grabbed the first place for being the holy grail of weight loss for real people.”

Source: Shed that Spare Tire with Mediterranean Diet or Just Follow DASH

Which Supplements Work for Osteoarthritis?

Is this young player promoting premature osteoarthritis? Probably not.

Science Based Medicine has a new article on supplements for osteoarthritis pain. A snippet:

“Based on their review, the authors do not recommend omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins D and E, willow bark extract,collagen hydrolysate, glucosamine, chondroitin, combinations of glucosamine and chondroitin, and rose hip. Based on the review, Boswellia serrata extract and pycnogenol appear to demonstrate the most clinically important effects. They also note that while curcumin and MSM demonstrated clinically important effects, the quality of that evidence was low.”

Furthermore…

“The authors conclude that those with osteoarthritis those that are enthusiastic about using supplements, short-term trials of the pycnogenol, curcumin, Boswellia serrata extract, or MSM could be attempted, and should be discontinued after 4-6 weeks if no obvious benefits are noted. Importantly, drug-supplement interactions are not always well understood or well documented, and any supplement should be used with caution (and preferably, consultation with their pharmacist) if being combined with prescription or non-prescription drugs. There is also the very real concerns about supplement quality and batch-to-bath consistency, which complicates evaluations of risk, and determining whether or not they work.”

The SBM writer (Scott Gavura, a pharmacist) also points out the benefits of ongoing exercise, appropriate weight loss, and topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Source: Supplements for Osteoarthritis – Evaluating the Evidence – Science-Based Medicine

Need help with weigh loss?

Steve Parker MD, Advanced Mediterranean Diet

Two diet books in one

Mediterranean diet could reduce osteoporosis 

Little old ladies who fall and break their hips nearly always have a bone-thinning condition called osteoporosis. The Mediterranean diet seems to help fight it. From a press release:

“The study is the first long-term, pan-European clinical trial looking at the impact of a Mediterranean diet on bone health in older adults.

More than 1,000 people aged between 65 and 79 took part in the trial, and volunteers were randomised into two groups – one which followed a Mediterranean diet and a control group which did not.Bone density was measured at the start and after 12 months. The diet had no discernible impact on participants with normal bone density, but it did have an effect on those with osteoporosis.

People in the control group continued to see the usual age-related decrease in bone density, but those following the diet saw an equivalent increase in bone density in one part of the body – the femoral neck. This is the area which connects the shaft of the thigh bone to its rounded head, which fits in the hip joint.

UK study lead Prof Susan Fairweather-Tait, from UEA’s Norwich Medical School, said: “This is a particularly sensitive area for osteoporosis as loss of bone in the femoral neck is often the cause of hip fracture, which is common in elderly people with osteoporosis.”

Source: How a Mediterranean diet could reduce osteoporosis – Press Release – UEA

Who Says Diets Don’t Work: Effect of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk: A randomized 1-year trial 

This research report would probably be interesting to dissect, if you have an extra $36 dollars laying around. Note that calories count, after all. Quotes:

Highlights

•Intermittent and continuous energy restriction resulted in similar weight loss after one year in men and women with obesity.

•Both diets improved cardiovascular risk factors.

•Feeling of hunger may limit long-term adherence to intermittent energy restriction.

Abstract

Background & aims

Long-term adherence to conventional weight-loss diets is limited while intermittent fasting has risen in popularity. We compared the effects of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with abdominal obesity and ≥1 additional component of metabolic syndrome.

Methods & results

In total 112 participants (men [50%] and women [50%]) aged 21–70 years with BMI 30–45 kg/m2 (mean 35.2 [SD 3.7]) were randomized to intermittent or continuous energy restriction. A 6-month weight-loss phase including 10 visits with dieticians was followed by a 6-month maintenance phase without additional face-to-face counselling. The intermittent energy restriction group was advised to consume 400/600 kcal (female/male) on two non-consecutive days [per week, presumably]. Based on dietary records both groups reduced energy intake by ∼26–28%. Weight loss was similar among participants in the intermittent and continuous energy restriction groups (8.0 kg [SD 6.5] versus 9.0 kg [SD 7.1]; p = 0.6). There were favorable improvements in waist circumference, blood pressure, triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol with no difference between groups. Weight regain was minimal and similar between the intermittent and continuous energy restriction groups (1.1 kg [SD 3.8] versus 0.4 kg [SD 4.0]; p = 0.6). Intermittent restriction participants reported higher hunger scores than continuous restriction participants on a subjective numeric rating scale (4.7 [SD 2.2] vs 3.6 [SD 2.2]; p = 0.002).

Source: Effect of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk: A randomized 1-year trial – Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases

Olive oil and prevention of chronic diseases: Summary of an International conference – Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases

Olive oil figures prominently in my recipes and diets. A recent conference summarizes why.

Highlights

•Olive oil is the main source of visible fat in the Mediterranean area.

•Research is showing interesting salubrious activities of olive oil.

•Olive oil and its minor components are being actively investigated in several areas.

•Consumption of olive oil has relevant healthy activities.

Abstract

Olive oil is the foremost source of fat in the Mediterranean area and, among other features, sets the Mediterranean diet apart from other dietary regimens. In January 2018, the International Olive Council convened several worldwide experts at the Robert Mondavi Institute (Davis, CA), to discuss and summarize the available data on the effects of olive oil consumption on human health. In this paper, we critically provide a synthesis of the main reported findings, which underscore how and why consuming this oil as part of a balanced diet and healthful lifestyle improves prognosis and extends life- and health-spans.

Source: Olive oil and prevention of chronic diseases: Summary of an International conference – Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases

Southern European Kids No Longer Eating  Mediterranean Diet, And It Shows

“Countries in Southern Europe, famed for the Mediterranean diet that is held up around the world as an example of healthy eating, now have the highest rates of childhood overweight and obesity, a major survey indicates. The high rate is largely due to the almost complete of loss traditional eating habits in the young.”

Source: Southern European Kids Show Loss of Mediterranean Diet