Dov Gandell, MDCM, of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center in Toronto, is quoted by MedPageToday:
Randomized controlled trials involving older participants have revealed the benefits of osmotic laxatives, such as polyethylene glycol and lactulose. Evidence supporting the use of bulk agents, stool softeners, stimulants, and prokinetic agents was lacking, limited, or inconsistent.
Read the rest. The MedPageToday article implies there’s not much hard evidence for lifestyle interventions such as high-fiber intake, hydration, and exercise.