Ongoing Debate: #Coronavirus Infection and Renin Angiotensin System Blocking Drugs #COVID19

From JAMA Network:

Several professional societies have put forward their guidance regarding the use of ACEIs/ARBs in patients with COVID-19. In summary, all guidelines recommend continuing ACEIs/ARBs in patients with COVID-19 unless clinically indicated (Table). Furthermore, they do not suggest initiation of ACEIs/ARBs in those without another clinical indication (eg, hypertension, heart failure, diabetes), given the lack of strong evidence showing benefit of these medications in COVID-19. We agree with these recommendations, given the current state of evidence.

However, the biological plausibility of salutary effects of ACEIs/ARBs in those with COVID-19 is intriguing. A multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 randomized clinical trial of starting losartan in patients with COVID-19 in outpatient settings (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04311177) and in in-patient settings (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04312009) is currently being planned. Accordingly, further epidemiological studies and prospective trials are urgently needed to investigate if use of ACEIs/ARBs can reduce the incidence or mortality associated with COVID-19–associated ALI or ARDS, both in patients with and without additional clinical indications for ACEIs/ARBs.

Source: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Infection and Renin Angiotensin System Blockers | Global Health | JAMA Cardiology | JAMA Network

Clearly, we need real-world data.

Steve Parker, M.D.

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