In June, 2012, the journal Pediatrics had an article stating that the incidence of diabetes and prediabetes in U.S. adolescents increased from 9% in 1999 to 23% in 2008. The finding is based on the NHANES survey of 12 to 19-year-olds, which included a single fasting blood sugar determination.
The investigators offered no solution to the problem. I’m no pediatrician, but my guess is that the following measures would help prevent adolescent type 2 diabetes and prediabetes:
- more exercise
- eat less sugar and refined starches
- keep body weight in the healthy range
- eat a Mediterranean-style diet
PS: I scanned the article quickly and don’t remember if the researchers broke down the diabetes cases by type 1 and type 2. I’d be shocked if type 1 diabetes rose this much over the last decade.
Reference: Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A., et al. Adherence to Mediterranean diet and risk of developing diabetes: prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal, BMJ,doi:10.1136/bmj.39561.501007.BE (published online May 29, 2008).