Tag Archives: trans fats

Kris Gunnars Shows Major U.S. Diet Changes Over Last Century

Alleged medical student Kris Gunnars has an article at Business Insider, of all places, that shows graphically many of the major U.S. dietary changes of the last hundred years or so. In this case, transmogrification may be a better term than mere  “changes.” I suspect much of the Western world has evolved in similar fashion.

You need to read the article and ponder the graphs if you question why we have so much obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, and perhaps cancer. You’ll see dramatic increases in consumption of added sugars, industrial seed oils (esp. soybean), soda pop and fruit juice (added sugar!), total calories, and fast food. You’ll see how much we’ve increased dining away from home. Butter consumption is down drastically, but doesn’t seem to have done us much good, if any.

Sugar cane

Sugar cane

 

There’s fairly good evidence that coronary artery disease (CAD; the cause of most heart attacks) was very prominent between 1960 to 2000 or so, but it’s been tapering off in recent years and didn’t seem to be very common 100 years ago. Understand that you can have it for 20 years or more before you ever have symptoms (angina) or a heart attack from it. In fact, the disease probably starts in childhood. I’ve always wondered about the cause of the CAD prevalence trends, and wondered specifically how much of the long-term trend was related to trans-fat consumption. But I’ve never been able to find good data on trans-fat consumption. Kris came up with a chart of margarine consumption, which may be a good proxy for trans-fats. Another of his charts includes shortening, a rich source of trans-fats and probably also a good proxy. Shortening consumption increased dramatically from 1955 until dropping like a rock around 2000.

The timeline curves for trans-fat consumption (by proxy) and prevalence of coronary heart disease seem to match up fairly well, considering a 20 year lag. In the early 1990s, we started cutting back on trans-fats, and here we are now with lower mortality and morbidity from coronary artery disease. (CAD is very complex; lower rates of smoking surely explain some of the recent trend.)

Read the whole enchilada. Very impressive. Highly recommended.

Steve Parker, M.D.

Food Manufacturers Have Significantly Cut Trans Fats But Not Eliminated Them

…according to an article at MedPageToday. Trans fats are thought to cause or aggravate heart and vascular disease.

As long as a food serving has under 0.5 g of trans fat per serving, the manufacturers in the U.S. can claim “zero” trans fat. If you see “partially hydrogenated vegetable oil” in the ingredients list, the product has trans fat. From the article:

To assess changes in levels of trans fats in food products, Mozaffarian and colleagues looked at 270 products from prominent brands — including General Mills, Kellogg Company, Heinz, ConAgra, Safeway, Giant, Campbell Soup, Sara Lee, and Walmart — that were selected from certain large supermarkets and sold between 2007 and 2011.

They found that by 2011, 66% of those products had reduced levels of trans fats, with a mean decline of 1.5 grams per serving and a mean 78% drop in trans fat content in that group.

Most of these reformulated products (82%) reduced trans fat content to less than 0.5 grams per serving, but half of them still contained partially hydrogenated vegetable oils in the ingredients list, the researchers found.