The U.S. Food and Drug Administration this last spring approved a new artificial sweetener called advantame. The press release calls it a high-intensity sweetener, which is a new term for me. Advantame joins five other artificial sweeteners: saccharin (e.g., Sweet’N Low), aspartame (Equal and others), acesulfame potassium (Sweet One and others), sucralose (Splenda), and neotame (Newtame).
From the FDA:
High-intensity sweeteners, such as advantame, may be used in place of sugar for a number of reasons, including that they do not contribute calories or only contribute a few calories to the diet. High-intensity sweeteners also generally will not raise blood sugar levels.
Advantame is a free-flowing, water soluble, white crystalline powder that is stable even at higher temperatures, and can be used as a tabletop sweetener as well as in cooking applications. Advantame has been approved for use as a general-purpose sweetener and flavor enhancer and can be used in baked goods, non-alcoholic beverages (including soft drinks), chewing gum, confections and frostings, frozen desserts, gelatins and puddings, jams and jellies, processed fruits and fruit juices, toppings, and syrups.
It’s not in the stores yet.
Ischemic heart disease, specifically. That’s heart attacks, mostly. I had written that in the first edition of The Advanced Mediterranean Diet, but hadn’t seen much supportive evidence since then (2007). Here it is at AJCN.
I recommend nuts to all of my patients. They help reduce risk of coronary artery disease (e.g., heart attacks) and overall risk of death. Don’t believe me? Check this out. Nuts are integral to the Advanced Mediterranean Diet, Ketogenic Mediterranean Diet, Low-Carb Mediterranean Diet, and the Paleobetic Diet.
This isn’t news to many of us. Click if you want to see some evidence at AJCN. Confused about glycemic index and load? Click here.
In general, you would eat fewer calories compared to eating faster. It doesn’t affect your degree of hunger at the end of the meal or within the few hours thereafter. AJCN has the details.
Why the authors of the study didn’t report effects on body weight are a mystery to me. Probably trying to get another published article out of their work.
If calories matter in weight loss efforts, and I think they do, you may improve your weight loss success by eating slower.
PS: I only read the abstract.
Sorry, but NO, according to AJCN. But they may have other benefits.
AJCN has the details. I’d like to see replication of these study results by other researchers. If you’re tempted to start a magnesium supplement, be aware the you could get toxic blood levels of the mineral if you have kidney impairment; check with your doctor.